A laser (green) excites the quantum dot (red) in this diagram of the chip. The ring, which is tuned via applying voltage to the yellow contacts, manipulates the characteristics of individual photons (ellipsoids).
Ideally, optical circuits would generate and shuttle light so well that researchers could use them to transmit encoded information, sense chemical species, and perform quantum computations. But because the components for each circuit—light sources, mirrors, splitters, filters, and waveguides—occupy several feet of table space, they cannot manipulate light down to the nanoscale. In an effort to downsize components and produce practical quantum photonic devices, researchers have been tinkering with nonlinear materials, atomic defects, and traditional semiconductors at the nanoscale.
Now Ali Elshaari at KTH Stockholm and his colleagues have taken a major stride by embedding circuit components on a CMOS-compatible chip that takes up a millionth the area of a tabletop apparatus. The key innovation was implementing precise control over quantum dot light sources, which emit photons in specific quantum states, including entangled ones, when excited by lasers. Scientists had struggled to control the dots’ emission and integrate the dots with waveguides for on-chip applications. Elshaari’s team devised a special geometry that optimized the alignment of the dots’ light emission with the fundamental waveguide mode, which resulted in high coupling efficiencies. To control the emission, an electrically tunable device acted as a spectral filter that could fine-tune the photon characteristics.
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Franz Kafka[a] (3 July 1883 – 3 June 1924) was a German-language novelist and short story writer, widely regarded as one of the major figures of 20th-century literature. His work, which fuses elements of realism…
Fig. 1 Experimental schematic of the hybrid system and ToF apparatus.
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Murder on the Eros Star, Planet of Doom and Terror on Telderan.
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Scientists in Brazil have protested devastating cuts to science that are threatening to close institutes and funding agencies across the country. Earlier this month about 900 people took to the streets in Rio de…
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