One ever feels his twoness-an American, a Negro; two souls, two thoughts, two unreconciled strivings; two warring ideals in one dark body, whose dogged strength alone keeps it from being torn asunder.--WEB Du Bois
A Songhai kingdom in the region of Gao had existed since the eleventh century, but it had come under the control of Mali in 1325. In the late fourteenth century, Gao reasserted itself with the Sunni dynasty, which would in turn found the far-reaching
On Feb. 21 1965, black activist leader Malcolm X, El Hajj Malik El-Shabaaz, was gunned down at the Audubon Ballroom in New York City. Almost a year prior on April 3, 1964, following his split with Elijah Muhammad and the Nation of Islam, he gave
I think God intended the n*ggers to be slaves...Now since man has deranged God's plan, I think the best we can do is keep 'em as near to a state of bondage as possible…My theory is, feed 'em well, clothe 'em well, and then, if they won't work…whip '
From the mid to late 19th Century West India Day was held annually on August 1st in the United States uniting blacks and abolitionists from the British West Indies, British Canada, and Britain proper, with those in the North Eastern United States, a
In 711AD medieval Spain was invaded by armies from the Muslim world. These invaders would rule the region for the next several hundred years, build lasting monuments and leaving an unmistakable influen
The transformation of slaves, trembling in the hundreds before a single white man, into a people able to organize themselves and defeat the most powerful European nations of their day, is one of the great epics of revolutionary struggle and achievem